Sport-related injuries can cause a wide range of medical conditions which can be either acute or chronic. More than 90% of all sport-related injuries are either contusions or strains. Contact sports (e.g., football, hockey) may increase the risk of contusion, whereas sprinting and jumping are the most common activities associated with muscle strains.
The following conditions are some examples of the more common problems we see in the chiropractic clinic:
1. Rotator cuff injury can result from a traumatic event, repetitive or forceful overhead activities such as throwing a baseball or weightlifting, or chronic degeneration. Patients usually present with shoulder pain, weakness, loss of range of movement, and night pain. Mobilisation, manipulation, massage and exercise can help the recovery. If conservative care is not successful you may be referred for corticosteroid injection for temporary pain relief.
2. Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) and Golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis) are conditions of the elbow characterised by elbow pain during or following repetitive elbow movement in activities such as tennis, fencing, golf, rowing, and baseball. The diagnosis is made with a thorough history and physical examination. Treatments include manipulation, deep massage and stretching the muscles, tendons and ligaments to help improve this problem and speed up the recovery.
3. Ankle sprain is one of the most common injuries in athletes. It causes damage to the ligaments that connect the bones together at the ankle joint. A sprained ankle is painful on movement or standing. It may also be swollen, bruised, and warm to touch. If you injured your ankle you should rest, ice, compress, and elevate your foot. This will help to reduce the pain and swelling. Once the worst of the pain and swelling have gone, you should start moving again. It may take between 3 weeks to 12 months to recover depending on the severity of the injury. Our treatment and advice could help improve your symptoms and exercises will help prevent further injury.
4. Plantar fasciitis (jogger’s heel) is acute or chronic pain in the heel of the foot. It has been described as a chronic inflammatory process and may be an overuse injury. Pain is self-limiting and usually resolves after 6 to 18 months without treatment. However, chiropractic care may help accelerate your recovery by manipulating the joints of the foot, stretching tight muscles and exercising the short foot muscles.